Interdisciplinary Review of General, Forensic, Prison and Military Psychiatry and Psychology and the related subjects of Behavior and Law with the occasional notes and comments by Michael Novakhov, M.D. (Mike Nova).
Monday, June 17, 2013
Unemployment, business cycles, crime, and the Canadian provinces - Journal Of Criminal Justice
Publication date: July–August 2013 Source:Journal of Criminal Justice, Volume 41, Issue 4 Author(s): Martin A. Andresen Purpose Test the Cantor and Land (1985) model using multiple measures of the state of the economy. Methods A panel data set of the 10 Canadian provinces, 1981 – 2009, is analyzed using a hybrid modeling approach called a decomposition model. Rather than one economy-related model, four are included in the analysis: gross provincial product, gross provincial product per capita, unemployment rate, and low income. Results All economy-related variables matter for property and violent crime, but the sign and magnitude of the estimated parameters vary based on context. Conclusions The relationship between the economy and crime is complex. Only including one economy-related variable appears to result in omitted variable bias. As such, any evaluation of the relationship between the economy and crime must consider multiple measures of the economy.
Publication date: July–August 2013 Source:Journal of Criminal Justice, Volume 41, Issue 4 Author(s): Jason Gravel , Martin Bouchard , Karine Descormiers , Jennifer S. Wong , Carlo Morselli Purpose We argue that inadequate frameworks to compare similar gang control strategies, and the scarcity of well-designed evaluations have hindered our ability to determine the effectiveness of existing programs. This article proposes a new typology of gang control strategies to use with logic models as tools to improve gang program evaluation. Methods We conducted a systematic review of gang control strategy evaluation reports and created a typology from the studies identified. Studies were selected on the basis of methodological quality in order to reflect only rigorous evaluations with credible research findings. Results Forty-five studies were selected and reviewed. Studies were classified in homogeneous categories based on the targeted population and the objective of the strategy. We infer logic models that consider the activities, outputs, and outcomes of each type of strategy. Conclusion A better framework for the comparison of similar studies may allow meta-analyses to be conducted, thereby improving our knowledge of what works. Logic models can move the field forward by allowing researchers to understand why some programs work and others do not. The improvement, both in quality and quantity, of program evaluation in gang research is crucial in order to move beyond claims of promising approaches.
Prisons converted into hotels – in pictures The Guardian New research suggests that the UK's crumbling prisons should be closed and replaced with superjails. So what better use for the old Victorian prisons than to turn them into hotels? Take a look at some notable conversions from around the world.